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Ayush National Ayush Mission

What is Ayush? AYUSH full form and details of Ayush Mantralaya Bharat Sarkar

This article provides details of AYUSH Mantralaya and its working. It starts with details AYUSH Full Form and describes the historical and current day administration for the AYUSH as well as some frequently asked questions about the term.

Ayush Full Form
Ayush Full Form – Ayurved, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha & Homeopathy, also includes “Sowa-Rigpa”.

AYUSH Full Form

AYUSH name in the context of healthcare in India refers to Department of Anyush (Ayush Ministry, Ministry of Ayush or Ayush Mantralaya Bharat Sarkar). The name AYUSH itself is made of different medical techniques being used in India.

What does AYUSH stand for?

A – Ayurved

Y – Yoga & Naturopathy

U – Unani

S – Siddha

H – Homeopathy

AYUSH also includes “Sowa-Rigpa” commonly known as Tibetan system of medicine, though it doesnt appear in Ayush full form above.

History of AYUSH

The earlier name for Ayush Ministry was Indian System of Medicine and Homeopathy (or known as ISM&H). In Nov 2003, its name was rechristened as Department of Ayush. Its main objective was to provide more insight into the growth of studies in Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy. It started working under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.


With the new government in 2014, AYUSH was set up as a separate ministry – Ministry of Ayush or Ayush Mantralaya. Its headquarter is set up in New Delhi and Mr. Shripad Yesso Naik as current minister overseeing the working of AYUSH.

What does AYUSH Mantralaya do?

The main agenda of Ayush Mantralaya is to look after issues related to education and research of AYUSH techniques as mentioned as AYUSH Full form above. To summarize, Ayush Mantralaya is responsible to :

  • Develop standards for Indian Systems of Medicine and Homeopathy drugs
  • Improve the standard of Indian Systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy colleges across the country and provide quality services and educations via these institutes.
  • Promote schemes to launch medicine plants and their processes.
  • Improve and invest in the key research areas or diseases where AYUSH have been more effective.

Note that despite a downturn in use of some of the AYUSH techniques such as Homeopathy, however, India has firmly backed these methods over the years.

Framework of AYUSH

  1. Below mentioned professional councils come under AYUSH framework:
  • Central Council of Homoeopathy Medicine (CCH)
  • Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM)
  • Central Council of Sowarigpa (Tibetan) Medicine (CCTM)
  • Central Council of Naturopathy Medicine (CCNM)
  • Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission

2. Below mentioned research councils come under AYUSH framework:

  • Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Science(CCRAS)
  • Central Council for Research in Siddha Medicine (CCRS)
  • Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM)
  • Central Council for Research in Homeopathy Medicine (CCRH)
  • Central Council for Research in Yoga and Naturopathy Medicine (CCRYN)
  • Pharmacopoeial Laboratory for Indian Medicine (PLIM)
  • Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia Laboratory (HPL)

3. Below mentioned national institutes come under AYUSH framework:

  • National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur (NIA)
  • National Institute of Siddha, Chennai (NIS)
  • National Institute of Homoeopathy, Kolkata (NIH)
  • National Institute of Naturopathy, Pune (NIN)
  • National Institute of Unani Medicine, Banglore (NIUM)
  • Institute of Post Graduate Teaching and Research in Ayurveda Medicine, Jamnagar, Gujarat (IPGTR)
  • Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidyapeeth(National Ayurveda University), New Delhi (RAV)
  • Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga Science, New Delhi (MDNIY)
  • North Eastern Institute of Ayurveda and Homeopathy (NEIAH)
  • All India Institute of Ayurveda, Delhi


Who is Minister of Ayush at present?

At present Mr. Shripad Yesso Naik is Minister of State, (IC), Ministry of AYUSH Government of India. 


What is meant by AYUSH?

AYUSH stands for Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy. This comes under the purview of Ayush Mantralaya whose main job is to look after issues related to education and research of AYUSH techniques as mentioned as AYUSH Full form above.


What is National Ayush Mission?

National AYUSH Mission (NAM) was launched by Department of AYUSH, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India during 12th Plan for implementing through States/UTs. The Mission was introduced in September 2014 with the targets of giving customary Indian medication like Ayurveda, Yoga, and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy (AYUSH) in a cost-effective way.


What is AYUSH Hospital?

AYUSH Hospital is a healthcare facility accredited by National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers(NABH) in association with Dept of Ayush or AYUSH Mantralaya. A list of accredited hospitals from NABH can be found here.


Who were the Unani? What is Unani Medicine?

Unani(or, Yunani) is the system of alternative medicine, widely practiced in India during Mughal rules. This ancient Yunani(Greek) technique was based on the teachings of the Greek physicians Hippocrates and Galen. To simplify, Greek medicine was based on the concept of balancing body humor. if they fell out of the balance that might cause diseases or, they were restored to balance to heal diseases.


What is BUMS course?

One can start practicing Yunani medicines after getting a formal education in the field. BUMS is such an undergraduate degree course. This degree is aimed to provide the practitioner with in-depth knowledge in the field of Unani medicine system. Once the course is completed, one can start practicing as doctor or Hakim in the Unani system.


What is meant by Siddha medicine? Who is Siddha?

Siddha medical system is the oldest known medicine system in India and is expected to be around 10000 years old. Siddhars or saints who developed and perfected Siddha medicine have the great knowledge in herbal medicines. Siddha medicines mean herbal medicines that is absolutely perfect. Siddha is the person “who has accomplished” – the perfected masters who have achieved the highest degree of physical as well as spiritual perfection.


What is BSMS course?

Siddha medicine knowledge can be attained by undergoing formal course. Only after completion of this course a person can formally start practicing Siddha. The BSMS course – Bachelor of Siddha Medicine and Surgery is an undergraduate course of 5.5 years. If you want to pursue further, you can get masters by completing a 3 years course – M.D. Siddha (Postgraduate degree in Siddha Medicine).


What is BAMS course?

BAMS of Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery is a professional course which provides credentials to practice Ayurveda Medicines. The total duration of this course is 5.5 years including an internship for a period of 1 year. This course is offered within Indian subcontinent including Nepal, Bangladesh and once successful, the person is allowed to practice the Ayurved medicines after registering with the government body. In India, there are more than 300 institutes offering this course. After completing the course successfully – the candidate has an option to start practicing immediately or can go for higher studies for example M.S. master of surgery in Ayurveda, diploma courses or Masters in Public Health. A BAMS graduate has permission to use modern medicine in some states based on the law.


What is Homoeopathy?

Homeopathy has been practiced in India for over a century now. A rough study estimates that over 10% households in India rely on Homeopathic treatment for most of their healthcare requirements – making it 2nd most popular medicine systems within India. Its popularity also comes from the fact that the pills prescribed in this medical system are safe and the treatment plans very gentle. It has proved itself to be very effective in treatments as it promotes the inner balance and works as per the individual level to strengthen the person from inside.




  1. Wikipedia
  2. NABH website



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